Neurosurgery, or neurological surgery, is a medical specialty dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, surgical treatment and rehabilitation of disorders affecting any part of the nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, central and peripheral nervous system, and cerebrovascular system. The term neurosurgery actually refers to a variety of medical procedures that involve the treatment of structural problems in the brain.
There are many types of brain surgery. These types vary depending on the area of the brain and the condition being treated. Advances in medical technology have enabled surgeons to operate on some parts of the brain without leaving a single incision on or in the head. Neurosurgery is a critical and complex process. The type of brain surgery performed depends largely on the condition being treated. Surgeons treat each operation according to their internal condition, while being as careful and meticulous as possible.